A medical or clinical laboratory is a workroom where various clinical diagnostics tests are conducted which helps in determining symptoms of any disease. This aid in diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease. In acute care hospitals and medical centres, 70% of clinical decisions are based on laboratory testing.
Digital X-ray or Digital radiography is a type of X-ray imaging which carried out by using digital X-ray sensors. The difference between Digital X-ray and traditional X-ray is, the traditional method follows photographic films whereas Digital method follows digital X-ray sensors which reduce radiation produced.
CT scan or CAT scan allows a physician to look inside the patient’s body and shows more than a detailed regular X-ray. It is also known as computed tomography. CT scan uses a combination of X-rays and a computer in order to create pictures of inside body organs and tissues and can be performed for any body part. It is a painless procedure and takes less time.
Ultrasound is a type of imaging, carried out by using a transducer which generates high-frequency sounds over a part of the body for which ultrasound is being performed. The ultrasound machines create images using sound waves of body organs like tissues, muscles, heart, nerves, blood vessels, kidneys, livers and so on.
2-D Echo or two-dimensional Echocardiography is a diagnostic test for a heart which provides high definition images of all the heart chambers, vessels, and paracardiac structures. This test is carried out by using ultrasound waves with the help of a transducer.
An endoscopy is a procedure which is always being performed to examine inside the body organs with the specific instrument called “endoscope”. An endoscope is a lightweight, long, flexible tube carrying a light source and camera on another side.
Colonoscopy is an outpatient procedure always performs to examine the inside of the intestine. It is always carried out with a CCD camera or optic camera mounted on a flexible tube passes through anus. It is usually performed to determine the gastrointestinal symptoms or change in bowel habits.